Everyone to be an expert in the book of Philemon. When reading the bible we will look at: Historical and cultural context. Author’s intent. Themes and literary tools: Sarcasm & Irony: 1 King 18:27, Gal 5:12, Philemon Literal: Ex 20, Rev 21:8 Symbolic: Jn 14:6 Poetic: Psalms ß onomatopoeia (e.g. “pop”) Textual references.